With Todd Bolen
There was a dearth of sensational discoveries in 2014, and without a bunch of discovery announcements in December it would have been a very slim year of exciting discoveries. But we do have a list, which was picked up by Christianity Today. Tops on the list was the discovery of a new monumental entrance to Herodium, Herod’s fortress/palace in the desert near Bethlehem, an entrance that was apparently never used because Herod decided to close it up and build a mausoleum nearby instead. The second discovery on the list: a half-dozen bullae (clay seal impressions) found at a small site called Khirbet Summeily, on the Judahite/Philistine border. Item #3 is a scarab of Pharaoh Sheshonq, know in the Bible as Shishak.
With Clyde Billington
More discoveries reported in the latest issue of ARTIFAX magazine reviewed on this program, including the recently announced scarab of Sheshonq, the Egyptian pharaoh who raided through Judah and took all of Solomon’s gold out of the Jerusalem temple. His scarab was found in 2006 at a copper production facility in Jordan. We continue with a discussion of research at another nearby copper facility in Israel at Timna and what has been learned about the men who worked there. We discuss the oldest metal object ever found in the Middle East, an awl at Tel Tsaf, also found several years ago but just recently announced. And finally, the discovery of an ivory game board at an area of the Tel Gezer excavation that’s been dubbed “Solomon’s casino.”