#1685

2019-11-06

Another Adonijah

With Clyde Billington

There area three Adonijah's in the Bible, and now we know about a fourth who also lived in Bible times. A bulla (clay seal impression) has been found in excavations near the Temple Mount in Jerusalem with the inscription, "Belonging to Adoniyahu, royal steward." This Adonijah lived in the 7th century BC, a time different than the other Adonijahs (one of whom was a son of King David). Royal steward was the highest ranking office in the king's administration, so he was important. But we don't know under which 7th century king of Judah he served. This discovery is one of the items from the news digest of the latest issue of ARTIFAX, our biblical archaeology news magazine, discussed with co-editor Clyde Billington. Professor Billington is also president of the Near East Archaeological Society. Other items discussed in this program include two discoveries made by the Mt. Zion excavation in Jerusalem: arrowheads and jewelry from the Babylonian destruction layer, and a Crusader era moat. We also discussed a salty solution that helps preserve the Temple Scroll, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the centennial anniversary of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago.

tags: Dead Sea Scrolls jewelry Bulla Mt. Zion excavation Adonijah Royal Steward Scythian Arrowhead Temple Scroll Oriental Institute

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#1615

2018-05-03

Megiddo and Caesarea Update

With Clyde Billington

Two of the most visited sites of biblical archaeology in Israel had significant discoveries reported recently: A royal Canaanite tomb at Megiddo, and a second century mosaic at Caesarea Maritima.

tags: Megiddo Roman Canaanite Mosaic Royal Tomb Togas

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#1610

2018-03-21

Roman Camp at Megiddo

With Clyde Billington

Megiddo, one of the most famous sites of biblical archaeology, is becoming even more so with archaeological developments in its neighborhood. While the tell excavation continues (a royal burial was announced recently), a new excavation across the road has been uncovering the remains of second century Roman camp, the largest known in the eastern Mediterranean. Down at the crossroads, about a mile away, an Israeli prison is being demolished. A more modern facility is being built elsewhere, so that the mosaics from Roman period homes can be displayed, one which identifies one of the earliest known Christian worship communities in Israel (discovered in 2005). We also discuss the mosaics found in Byzantine churches in the Galilee, reconnecting Ephesus to the Aegean Sea, a surveillance network in Syria, and an Assyrian document that echoes the story of Abraham from Genesis.

tags: Ephesus Megiddo Roman Legion Abraham prison mosaic church mosaics Cayster River Hagar

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#1606

2018-02-20

Herod's Royal Winery at Herodion

With Clyde Billington

Once again we’re reviewing the latest news stories about biblical archaeology that have appeared in the digest of the most recent issue of ARTIFAX magazine but haven’t been discussed on the air yet. There are three items in this review. The first involves excavations in the honeycomb of tunnels beneath Herod’s mountain-top fortress/palace at Herodion. Among other things, archaeologists have discovered the remains of Herod’s winery, including wine jars (amphorae) that were imported from Italy. We also discuss the Akra Fortress, on a hilltop that no longer exists just southeast of the Temple Mount. Who leveled the hilltop? Dr. Billington, in his article in ARTIFAX, suggests it was Herod. And finally, the latest news from the renovations in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem a year ago last October, when researchers got their first look at the traditional tomb of Jesus in 500 years. According to analysis of the mortar samples from the site, the oldest construction dates to A.D. 325, exactly when tradition says the Emperor Constantine had the church built.

tags: Temple Mount wine Herodion Akra Fortress Holy Sepulcher

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#1467

2015-02-17

Geshur, Tuthmosis III, and Ancient Olive Oil

With Clyde Billington

More stories from the news digests of the latest issue of ARTIFAX magazine, the Winter 2015 issue, just out. Items include a royal escape tunnel from Iron Age Bethsaida (Geshur), a newly discovered temple of Tuthmosis III - possibly the pharaoh of the oppression, and remains of 8,000-year old olive oil.

tags: Bethsaida Geshur Exodus Tuthmosis III Olive Oil Ein Zippori

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