With Todd Bolen
It’s always fun to look back at the end of the year and see how Biblical Archaeology has opened up new perspectives on the biblical world. This year it was not just the discoveries of the year, but how discoveries from previous years were finally realized. Many of our Top 10 items were discovered decades ago, but their significance was only now becoming apparent in 2015. Once again I was joined by Todd Bolen, the editor of Bibleplaces.com, to discuss the news stories of 2015. And our top item on the list highlighted the work of University of Wisconsin alumnus Brent Seales, now a computer science professor at the University of Kentucky. His software developments could open the way for the reading of many more ancient texts, such as the carbonized scroll of Leviticus from the Engedi synagogue that we reported on this year.
With Clyde Billington
One of the most exciting reports of discoveries and developments this year is actually about an inscription that was found in 2012. The inscription comes from the Khirbet Qeiyafa excavation, directed by Yosef Garfinkel and Saar Ganor (pictured with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu). The inscription gives the name Eshba’al, a name that is found in history only one other time, in fact in the Bible-I Chron 8:33, as the fourth son of King Saul. The fact that this inscription dates to the 10th century BC, the time of David and Saul, adds more weight to the significance of the Khirbet Qeiyafa excavation. This is the fourth 10th century inscription found in just the last half dozen years or so, before which there were none. On the second half of this program, featuring my ARTIFAX co-editor Clyde Billington, we discuss reports that archaeologist Nicholas Reeves believes he has found evidence that the tomb of King Tutahnkamen has more chambers, and that he thinks the evidence also suggests that King Tut’s tomb was actually, originally, the tomb of Nefertiti, Tut’s stepmother. This is an interesting story to keep an eye on.
With Clyde Billington
Professor Clyde Billington, my co-editor on ARTIFAX magazine, has an article in the latest issue taking another look at Khirbet Qeiyafa. This is a site we’ve discussed a number of times because of its role reframing the debate over David and Solomon and the early Iron Age in Israel. Professor Billington draws a possible connection between Khirbet Qeiyafa and the Karnak inscription of Pharaoh Shoshenq.
With Hershel Shanks
Hershel Shanks, the editor of Biblical Archaeology Review, discusses some of the biblical sites being exavated during the 2015 dig season, and their significance for Biblical Archaeology.
With Prof. Clyde Billington
A list of ten discoveries taken from those we’ve discussed on The Book & The Spade radio program and reported in the pages of ARTIFAX magazine over the past year.