#1709

2020-05-25

The Nazareth Inscription

With Clyde Billington

The Nazareth Inscription is a 2,000-year old text inscribed on a marble tablet that threatens penalties against anyone disturbing bodies in tombs. This strange pronouncement has been described as possible evidence for the historicity of the resurrection of Jesus. A new analysis offers evidence for the source of the marble but does it tell us anything else about the reason for the text? Professor Billington has devoted considerable time to an analysis of this text and suggests there is an easy explanation for how the marble tablet got from the Aegean island of Kos to Nazareth, where it was apparently discovered by a French antiquities collector almost a century and a half ago.

tags: Nazareth Inscription Louvre Marble Greek Tombs Jesus Resurrection Kos

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#1705

2020-04-29

The Dead Sea Scroll Forgeries, part 2

With Christopher Rollston

One of the participants in an academic symposium at the Museum of the Bible, held in conjunction with the release of an investigative report on the museum’s Dead Sea Scroll fragments, was Christopher Rollston. The report, paid for by the museum, found that the fragments were modern forgeries. Rollston, professor of Northwest Semitic languages and literatures at George Washington University, is often called upon to verify the authenticity of ancient inscriptions. In our interview he discusses his desire to see the perpetrator of this fraud brought to justice, and why no one should ever buy antiquities.

tags: Dead Sea Scrolls Museum of the Bible forgeries fragments

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#1704

2020-04-22

The Dead Sea Scroll Forgeries

With Christopher Rollston

One of the participants in an academic symposium at the Museum of the Bible, held in conjunction with the release of an investigative report on the museum’s Dead Sea Scroll fragments, was Christopher Rollston. The report, paid for by the museum, found that the fragments were modern forgeries. Rollston, professor of Northwest Semitic languages and literatures at George Washington University, is often called upon to verify the authenticity of ancient inscriptions. In our interview he discusses the praiseworthy transparency of the museum on this issue.

tags: Dead Sea Scrolls Museum of the Bible forgeries fragments

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#1698

2020-03-05

Ethiopian Basilica & Church of the Glorious Martyr

With Clyde Billington

Two church discoveries are reported in the news digests of the latest issue of ARTIFAX, our biblical archaeology news magazine. A church excavated in northern Ethiopia is the oldest church in sub-Saharan Africa and helps us understand the Christian history of that part of Africa. At Beth Shemesh in Israel, excavators have uncovered an impressive Byzantine church with beautiful mosaics and an inscription that dedicates the church to “The Glorious Martyr.” The identity of this martyr is not yet know. Also at Beth Shemesh, a large rock table has been excavated, which some believe may be connected to the story of the return of the Ark of the Covenant to the Israelites in I Samuel 6. And finally, we discuss the discovery of garum vats, a production facility for what some have called, “The Ketchup of the First Century.”

tags: Ethiopia Aksum Sudan Beth Shemesh Glorious Martyr Garum

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#1685

2019-11-06

Another Adonijah

With Clyde Billington

There area three Adonijah's in the Bible, and now we know about a fourth who also lived in Bible times. A bulla (clay seal impression) has been found in excavations near the Temple Mount in Jerusalem with the inscription, "Belonging to Adoniyahu, royal steward." This Adonijah lived in the 7th century BC, a time different than the other Adonijahs (one of whom was a son of King David). Royal steward was the highest ranking office in the king's administration, so he was important. But we don't know under which 7th century king of Judah he served. This discovery is one of the items from the news digest of the latest issue of ARTIFAX, our biblical archaeology news magazine, discussed with co-editor Clyde Billington. Professor Billington is also president of the Near East Archaeological Society. Other items discussed in this program include two discoveries made by the Mt. Zion excavation in Jerusalem: arrowheads and jewelry from the Babylonian destruction layer, and a Crusader era moat. We also discussed a salty solution that helps preserve the Temple Scroll, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the centennial anniversary of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago.

tags: Dead Sea Scrolls jewelry Bulla Mt. Zion excavation Adonijah Royal Steward Scythian Arrowhead Temple Scroll Oriental Institute

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