With Clyde Billington
Catching up with some of the archaeology stories in the news digests of the latest issue of our ARTIFAX magazine, co-editor Clyde Billington and I discuss some new Dead Sea Scrolls fragments that have been found. That is, they were found in some caves along the western shore of the Dead Sea but not at Qumran, rather further south near Masada, along Wadi Tze’elim. Another discovery in the same cave (known as the Cave of the Skulls) is the Jerusalem Papyrus, which was one of our Top Ten biblical archaeology stories of 2016. This papyrus contains what appears to be the oldest mention of Jerusalem in the Hebrew language, dating to the 7th century B.C. And finally, we discuss the recent proposition put forth by Douglas Petrovich, that the alphabetic Canaanite inscriptions from Wadi el-Hol in Egypt and Serabit el-Khadem in the Sinai were actually written by ancient Hebrews.
With Cynthia Shafer-Elliott
There are many mentions of food in the Bible but what was their daily diet like? That's one of the questions that concerns Cynthia Shafer-Elliott, a professor of Hebrew Bible and Archaeology at William Jessup University. We discussed what archaeology has dug up to complement what the Bible tells us about eating habits of the ancient Israelites.
With Yoram Tsafrir
During a visit to Israel in 2001 I had a chance to talk with archaeologist Yoram Tsafrir at Hebrew University about his excavations at Tel Betshean. Tel Betshean is one of the most interesting stops on our tours: a Roman city — one of the cities of the decapolis in Jesus’ time, when it was known as Scythopolis. It sits in the shadow of a large tel upon which sat the Old Testament city of Betshean, the walls upon which the bodies of Saul and Jonathan were hung upon after their defeat by the Philistines. Yoram Tsafrir died last November, he was 77. We present this interview from our archives in his memory.
With Seth Sanders
Pope Francis and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had a brief dispute about it, but what language DID Jesus speak? What was the linquistic climate of first century Palestine? To find some answers, we queried Seth Sanders, professor of religion at Trinity College in Hartford CT. Seth is the editor of the Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions.
With Prof. Clyde Billington
In this second program on the latest archaeology news from the news digests of ARTIFAX magazine, we discussed new archaeology at Carchemish, the discovery of one of the "Gates of Hell" in Turkey (known as Plutonium), and a computer analysis that provides a solution to the question, "Who Wrote the Book of Hebrews."