#1628

2018-09-04

Masada and Tel Shimron

With Clyde Billington

Masada is the most visited national park in Israel and also one of the most important archaeological sites of Israel. In the early 1960s, when Yigael Yadin excavated Masada, it was the first time crowdsourcing was used in archaeology. Yadin invited volunteers to come and work with him, and they did. And ever since, volunteers have been a key component in the institutional archaeological excavations which take place, mostly in the summer, every year. Masada still has secrets to divulge to excavators even now more than a half century later and some of them are reported in the latest issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. Professor Billington and I discuss this report. We also review another article which describes the beginning of a new excavation in the Jezreel Valley, Tel Shimron. This is an ancient city which at times in history apparently outshone it's neighbor across the valley, Tel Megiddo. It will be interesting to see what this excavation reveals in the years ahead.

tags: Herod Masada Yigael Yadin Tel Shimron Garden

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#1627

2018-08-28

Israelite Psalms Found in Egypt

With Clyde Billington

Some of the Biblical Archaeology stories we report in ARTIFAX magazine come from Egypt, such as the item in our latest issue: Three Ancient Israelite Psalms Found in Egypt. Professor Billington discusses the significance of this finding. We also discuss the history of writing as it relates to Egypt, in the context of another Egypt digest item: First Known Semitic Abecedary in Egypt. This abedecary dates to the 15th century BC, roughly the time of Moses according to the biblical Chronology, an important connection that shows it's not impossible to think that Moses could have written the Torah. We also discuss the innovations of technology that help us better understand the ancient world, such as the new Virtual Reality tour of the Tomb of Nefertari, sometimes called the "Egyptian Sistine Chapel." Nefertari was the primary queen of Ramses II, who ruled from 1279-1212BC.

tags: Egypt abecedary Psalms Semitic Nefertari Ramses II Virtual Reality

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#1624

2018-08-08

Who Is This Biblical King?

With Clyde Billington

On the cover of the latest issue of ARTIFAX magazine, the photograph of the head off of a small statue that is believed to depict a king from the 9th century BC. But is it a king of Israel, Aram, Phoenicia, or somewhere else? This faience face was excavated in 2017 at Abel Beth Maacah, a border town down through much of history, as it is today, located between Israel and Lebanon. It is now on display at the Israel Museum. On this program we also discuss more of the news coverage featured in the latest ARTIFAX issue, in particular excavations at the two sites vying to be the biblical Bethsaida, home of three of the Apostles. Excavations continued this summer at et-Tell and El-Araj, the two sites, and first century A.D. remains were found at both locations. Excavations will continue again next year in an attempt to solve this biblical mystery.

tags: Bethsaida et-Tell Abel Beth Maacah Israel el-Araj Statue Aram Phoenicia King faience face

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#1596

2017-11-16

Jerusalem's Roman Theater

With Clyde Billington

More stories from the news digest of the Autumn issue of ARTIFAX magazine, including the cover story on the discovery of the first Roman theater ever found in Jerusalem. Although Josephus mentions a Roman theater in Jerusalem in the first century, this new discovery is apparently not that theater, for reasons discussed on the program. This is a very small theater and may have been used for governing purposes, rather than entertainment. Other topics discussed on this program include the discovery of a Byzantine era mosaic at the Damascus Gate with a connection to the famous Nea Church built by the Emperor Justinian, and the discovery of bullae (clay seal impressions) from the First Temple Period.

tags: Jerusalem Damascus Gate Byzantine Western Wall Roman theater bullae Odeon Bouletarion Mosaic Nea Church Constantine Justinian First Temple Period

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#1591

2017-10-11

A Week in the Fall of Jerusalem, II

With Ben Witherington III

More from Asbury Seminary New Testament professor Ben Witherington on the utility of explaining biblical archaeology discoveries by incorporating the information into historical fiction novellas.

tags: Jerusalem Temple New Testament First century Tish B'Av Titus Novel Joanna Junia Andronicus Chuza

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