The Scroll and the Codex

With Larry Hurtado

Last November, I noticed the passing of Larry Hurtado, Emeritus Professor of New Testament Language, Literature and Theology at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. I recalled a particularly gracious interview that I had with him about ten years ago that I’m finally getting around to replaying now, in his honor. We were talking about news attention given at that time to a mysterious document, a tiny lead book called a codex, which eventually was judged a modern forgery. Larry Hurtado pointed out that it was the early Christians who lead the way in the transition from the scroll to the codex for written material.

tags: Hurtado scroll codex Christians

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Machaerus, Melchizedek, and the Philistines

With Clyde Billington

A little further discussion about our ARTIFAX cover story on Machaerus, details of how John the Baptist ended up a prisoner there, and was then beheaded, as reported in Matthew 14 and Mark 6. Also a few more words about the Pilgrimage Road that just opened in Jerusalem, an important pilgrimage spot for both modern Jews and Christians, between the Pool of Siloam and the Temple Mount. Archaeologist Eli Shukron reports the discovery of an altar related to Melchizedeck and Abraham. We are skeptical but looking forward to hearing more. And finally, another major story of the summer, reported in the latest issue of ARTIFAX, DNA evidence that traces the Philistines, or at least some Philistines, to southern Europe.

tags: Jordan Jerusalem Philistines Herod the Great John the Baptist Machaerus Abraham DNA Dead Sea Herod Agrippa Melchizedek

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Jerusalem Inscription/The Scroll vs. The Codex

With Clyde Billington

The cover story of the latest issue of ARTIFAX magazine reports on the discovery of an inscription from 100 BC that mentions Jerusalem. The inscription was found at the west end of modern Jerusalem, near the central bus station. It appears 2,000 years ago this was a small pottery village that served the nearby city of Jerusalem and the pilgrims who visited its temple. We also discuss a column by Larry Hurtado in the November/December issue of Biblical Archaeology Review which reports that it were the early Christians who pioneered a new innovation in writing, the codex, which eventually displaced the scroll. The evidence is overwhelming, and fascinating.

tags: Jerusalem Inscription Dodalos potter village scroll codex Christian writers Scripture

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The Lead Codices, part 2

With prof. Larry Hurtado, University of Edinburgh

A conversation about the depictions of the cross by early Christians, prompted by the discovery of lead tablets which might be ancient. Or not.

tags: Lead codex metal codices Larry Hurtado early Christians Dead Sea Scrolls Jordan staurogram silly season

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