#1615

2018-05-03

Megiddo and Caesarea Update

With Clyde Billington

Two of the most visited sites of biblical archaeology in Israel had significant discoveries reported recently: A royal Canaanite tomb at Megiddo, and a second century mosaic at Caesarea Maritima.

tags: Megiddo Roman Canaanite Mosaic Royal Tomb Togas

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#1610

2018-03-21

Roman Camp at Megiddo

With Clyde Billington

Megiddo, one of the most famous sites of biblical archaeology, is becoming even more so with archaeological developments in its neighborhood. While the tell excavation continues (a royal burial was announced recently), a new excavation across the road has been uncovering the remains of second century Roman camp, the largest known in the eastern Mediterranean. Down at the crossroads, about a mile away, an Israeli prison is being demolished. A more modern facility is being built elsewhere, so that the mosaics from Roman period homes can be displayed, one which identifies one of the earliest known Christian worship communities in Israel (discovered in 2005). We also discuss the mosaics found in Byzantine churches in the Galilee, reconnecting Ephesus to the Aegean Sea, a surveillance network in Syria, and an Assyrian document that echoes the story of Abraham from Genesis.

tags: Ephesus Megiddo Roman Legion Abraham prison mosaic church mosaics Cayster River Hagar

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#1606

2018-02-20

Herod's Royal Winery at Herodion

With Clyde Billington

Once again we’re reviewing the latest news stories about biblical archaeology that have appeared in the digest of the most recent issue of ARTIFAX magazine but haven’t been discussed on the air yet. There are three items in this review. The first involves excavations in the honeycomb of tunnels beneath Herod’s mountain-top fortress/palace at Herodion. Among other things, archaeologists have discovered the remains of Herod’s winery, including wine jars (amphorae) that were imported from Italy. We also discuss the Akra Fortress, on a hilltop that no longer exists just southeast of the Temple Mount. Who leveled the hilltop? Dr. Billington, in his article in ARTIFAX, suggests it was Herod. And finally, the latest news from the renovations in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem a year ago last October, when researchers got their first look at the traditional tomb of Jesus in 500 years. According to analysis of the mortar samples from the site, the oldest construction dates to A.D. 325, exactly when tradition says the Emperor Constantine had the church built.

tags: Temple Mount wine Herodion Akra Fortress Holy Sepulcher

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#1603

2018-01-17

Remembering Lawrence Stager

With Exavator of Ashkelon

Lawrence Stager was one of the pre-eminent American scholars in Biblical Archaeology. He was the Dorot Professor of the Archaeology of Israel in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University and Director of the Harvard Semitic Museum. He passed away at the end of 2017, just seven days short of his 75th birthday. His most enduring legacy will be the Leon Levy expedition to Ashkelon, which he began in 1985 and directed until it ended in 2016. We did a phone interview in 1992 with professor Stager in which he gave a status report on the Ashkelon excavation, including the discovery of a Middle Bronze Age mud brick gate, the oldest such gate in the world. He also lamented the recent death of one of his most capable protege's, Douglas Esse, who had lost a battle with cancer.

tags: Philistines Ashkelon Harvard Lawrence Stager

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#1601

2018-01-04

Excavations Plans for 2018

With John DeLancey

An annual tradition on TB&TS is our review of planned excavations for the upcoming year, to give our listeners the broad overview of what’s happening in Biblical Archaeology. This year I’m inviting John DeLancey back on the program for this discussion, since we will be visiting many of these sites during our 2018 TB&TS Holyland Archaeological Adventure Tour coming up in May. John has lived and studied in Israel and has visited many of these sites on the more than 50 tours he’s led to Israel; he’s also excavated as a volunteer at some of these sites. The digs we are discussing are, for the most part, the institutional excavations planned by various educational institutions and the Israel Antiquities Authority, but we also throw in a comment or two about salvage excavations, another part of the picture.

tags: Khirbet Qeiyafa Gezer et-Tell Megiddo Abel Beth Maacah Tel Dan Shiloh Tel Burna Azekah El Araj Beth Shemesh

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